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Patient-Reported Outcome Measures: An Exploration of Their Utility in Functional Assessment and Rehabilitation

Published:March 16, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2022.02.005
      Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have had a place in medicine for many years. However, their importance has grown rapidly in recent years owing to a number of factors—not the least of which is an increased recognition of the importance of patient assessment of care and outcomes. Despite the growing use of PROMs, few of us have a good understanding of when they should be favored over alternative measures, how they are developed, the benefits of computerized administration, or how to leverage their incorporation into the electronic health record (EHR) and clinical decision making. This supplement is not intended to cover all aspects of the use of PROMs in clinical and rehabilitation care. Rather its goal is to provide an overview of their use and development, as well as the clinical relevance of their increasingly electronic, computerized, and EHR-based administration. The articles herein also highlight how advances in computing capabilities have permitted the use of newer modeling capabilities, such as multidimensional item response theory, to radically expand the capabilities of computerized PROMs.
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