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Effectiveness of Blood Flow Restriction Training on Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Author Footnotes
    † These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Noé Labata-Lezaun
    Footnotes
    † These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Anatomy Unit, Basic Sciences Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Author Footnotes
    † These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Luis Llurda-Almuzara
    Footnotes
    † These authors contributed equally to this work.
    Affiliations
    Anatomy Unit, Basic Sciences Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
    Search for articles by this author
  • Vanessa González-Rueda
    Affiliations
    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    Physiotherapy Department. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l'Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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  • Carlos López-de-Celis
    Affiliations
    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    Physiotherapy Department. Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l'Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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  • Simón Cedeño-Bermúdez
    Affiliations
    Anatomy Unit, Basic Sciences Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Joan Bañuelos-Pago
    Affiliations
    Anatomy Unit, Basic Sciences Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Albert Perez-Bellmunt
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Dr. Albert Pérez-Bellmunt, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain. Tel: +34 935 04 20 14
    Affiliations
    Anatomy Unit, Basic Sciences Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain

    ACTIUM functional anatomy group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    † These authors contributed equally to this work.
Published:January 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2021.12.015

      ABSTRACT

      Objective

      To analyze the effectiveness of the blood flow restriction training in improving muscle strength and physical performance in older adults.

      Data Sources

      A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials was conducted. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Sciences, PEDro, Scopus and ScienceDirect databases were systematically searched.

      Study Selection

      Articles were included if participants were 60 years or older and were considered as healthy.

      Data Extraction

      The search strategy found a total of 363 studies. Finally, ten articles were included in the systematic review, with a total of 278 healthy older adults analyzed.

      Data Synthesis

      The main results of the meta-analysis showed a statistical difference of muscle strength in favor of blood flow restriction training when compared with conventional, and no statistical differences with high-intensity resistance training. Physical performance showed a non-statistical difference between the blood flow restriction training group and conventional training group and no training group.

      Conclusions

      Blood flow restriction training is an interesting alternative to high-intensity strength training for improving muscle strength in older people who cannot perform high-load exercises.

      Keywords

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