- •Modifiable and nonmodifiable factors of self-management are not fully understood.
- •Co-occurring diabetes was negatively related to overall self-management in persons with multiple sclerosis.
- •Subjective and objective prospective memory were significant contributors.
- •The results suggest several directions for future self-management interventions.
Main Outcome Measures
List of abbreviations:DMT (disease-modifying therapy), MIST (Memory for Intentions Test), MS (multiple sclerosis), MSSM-R (Multiple Sclerosis Self-management Scale–Revised), PwMS (persons with multiple sclerosis)
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Preliminary results from this work were presented to the ACTRIMS-ECTRIMS, September 2020, virtual.
Supported by a pilot grant from the National MS Society (grant no. PP-1901-33103). The funding source was not involved in the study design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of the data or writing and submission of the article. The views and opinions expressed in this article reflect those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. The Patient Determined Disease Steps Scale is provided for use by the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry (www.narcoms.org/pdds). NARCOMS is supported in part by the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC) and the CMSC Foundation.