To identify patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) users, critically assess and summarize the quality of the measurement properties, and describe the application scenarios on each instrument.
PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, and relevant reference lists were systematically searched through December 2019 (updated May 2020).
Two reviewers independently identified original English language publications that evaluated the psychometric properties of specific PROMs used in ISC patients.
The following data were obtained: author and publication year, content of domains and subscales, number of items, response options, constructs measured, language, and information on measurement properties.
Eleven publications were deemed eligible, including 6 PROMs for measuring patients’ ISC-related quality of life, self-confidence, satisfaction, difficulties, acceptance, and adherence to treatment. The Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire provided the most detail, and the Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test could be evaluated on the most consensus-based standards for the selection of health status measurement instrument properties.
Several tools are available for ISC users, but at present there is no comprehensive, concise, and robust instrument with good psychometric properties. Further research on psychometric properties is needed to verify the remaining properties of existing scales and to develop novel tools for clinicians, researchers, and patients.
List of abbreviations:COSMIN (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstrument), ICAS (Intermittent Catheterization Adherence Scale), ICAT (Intermittent Catheterization Acceptance Test), ICDQ (Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire), InCaSaQ (Intermittent Catheterization Satisfaction Questionnaire), ISC (intermittent self-catheterization), ISCQ (Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire), MP (measurement property), MQ (methodological quality), NLUTD (neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction), PRO (patient-reported outcome), PROM (patient-reported outcome measure), QOL (quality of life), SCSCISC (Self-Confidence Scale for Clean Intermittent Self-Catheterization)
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Published online: April 08, 2021
Accepted: March 19, 2021
Received in revised form: January 14, 2021
Received: August 13, 2020
Supported by a grant from the Tianjin Medical University Second Hospital (grant no. 2019ydey22).
© 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.