- •Swallowing-related strength and skill were measured using a novel assessment.
- •Three groups were included in a cluster analysis: stroke, myopathic, and healthy.
- •Healthy and myopathic participants had homogeneous swallowing patterns.
- •We found 4 strength and skill subgroups within stroke patients with dysphagia.
- •Both strength and skill impairments may contribute to dysphagia after stroke.
Main Outcome Measures
List of abbreviations:sEMG (surface electromyography), TOMASS (Test of Masticating and Swallowing Solids), TWST (Timed Water Swallowing Test), VFSS (videofluoroscopic swallowing study)
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Current affiliation for Ng, Laura Fergusson Brain Injury Trust, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Supported by the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Fund , a University of Canterbury Doctoral Scholarship , and a Post Graduate Publishing Bursary from the Canterbury Medical Research Foundation .
Disclosures: The commercial software used in this study (Biofeedback in Strength and Skill Training) was developed at the University of Canterbury Rose Centre for Stroke Recovery and Research and is owned by the University of Canterbury.