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Measurement Characteristics and Clinical Utility of the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire–Urinary Incontinence Short Form Among Females With Urinary Incontinence

Published:September 07, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.07.002
      Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common health issue that affects individuals of all ages and disproportionately affects females.1 Symptoms alone are a poor indicator of the effect UI has on an individual’s life.1 The first International Consultation on Incontinence met in 1998 to create a universal questionnaire to assess the symptoms and effect of UI.1 There are currently 19 modules within the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire, with 3 additional in development. The International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire–Short Form for Urinary Incontinence (ICIQ-UI SF) is the first and most commonly used module. The ICIQ-UI SF is a 6-item patient-reported outcome measure designed to assess the level, effect, and perceived cause of incontinence on quality of life in adult populations. Items 1 and 2 are demographic questions, and item 6 asks about leakage-inducing activities; these items are unscored. Items 3, 4, and 5, which measure urinary frequency, amount, and interference with daily activities, are scored and summed to give a total score ranging from 0-21. The ICIQ-UI SF does not require training, and it can be administered for free using the evaluation form and a writing utensil. Additionally, this form has been cross-culturally validated in 63 different languages. The ICIQ-UI SF demonstrates excellent test-retest reliability,2. 3. convergent validity,1. 4. and concurrent validity5,6 with similar instruments that assess UI.
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