What is Alzheimer disease?
Am I at higher risk of falling after a diagnosis of Alzheimer disease?
Why am I at higher risk of falling if I have Alzheimer disease?
How can falls harm me?
What can I do to avoid falling?
|Recommendation||What Should I Do?||Why Should I Do?|
|Improve your nighttime sleep|
|Strengthen your muscles|
|Pay attention to the effects of your medications|
|Try complementary and alternative medicine|
|Be extra careful when walking and talking|
|Check your environment|
|Ask for help when you need|
|Improve mental functioning|
|Be careful when standing up from your bed or chair|
|Talk to your health care team about changes in your mood|
|Use proper footwear|
|Stay socially active|
Who are the health care professionals who can help me reduce my chances of falling?
- •A physical medicine and rehabilitation physician can help you to improve your functional abilities and quality of life.
- •A neurologist specializes in diseases of the brain and nervous system.
- •A geriatrician specializes in the care of older adults with Alzheimer disease.
- •A geriatric nurse practitioner provides medical care and assistance to carry out the treatment plan.
- •A physical therapist provides help you to strengthen your muscles and improve your balance.
- •An occupational therapist provides help you to make changes to your house such as mounting rails in your bathtub.
- •A psychiatrist specializes in treating behavioral problems.
- •A psychologist specializes in testing and treating memory and other mental functions.
- •A social worker provides hands-on assistance in creating a care plan, including home care.
- •A dietician and/or nutritionist can guide on your diet and nutrition intake.
- •A pharmacist provides education on how to take your medications as directed by your physician.
Is there any other information or resources?
- 2018 Alzheimer’s disease facts and figures.Alzheimers Dement. 2018; 14: 367-429
- Risk factors for falls in older adults with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer disease.J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2019; 42: E116-E121
- Dual-task as a predictor of falls in older people with mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease: a prospective cohort study.Braz J Phys Ther. 2018; 22: 417-423
- Effects of exercise on functional performance and fall rate in subjects with mild or advanced Alzheimer’s disease: secondary analyses of a randomized controlled study.Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2016; 41: 233-241
- The effects of sleep quality, physical activity, and environmental quality on the risk of falls in dementia.Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2013; 28: 403-407
- A scoping review of physical performance outcome measures used in exercise interventions for older adults with Alzheimer disease and related dementias.J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2019; 42: 28-47
- Medication for Alzheimer’s disease and associated fall hazard: a retrospective cohort study from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative.Drugs Aging. 2014; 31: 125-129
- Impact of mind-body interventions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review.Int Psychogeriatr. 2019; 31: 643-666
- Frequently observed risk factors for fall-related injuries and effective preventive interventions: a multihospital survey of nurses’ perceptions.J Nurs Care Qual. 2013; 28 (130-8)
- Interventions incorporating physical and cognitive elements to reduce falls risk in cognitively impaired older adults: a systematic review.JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016; 14: 110-135
- Nutritional guidance improves nutrient intake and quality of life, and may prevent falls in aged persons with Alzheimer disease living with a spouse (NuAD Trial).J Nutr Health Aging. 2015; 19: 901-907
- Falls prevention in the elderly: translating evidence into practice.Hong Kong Med J. 2015; 21: 165-171
- Falls prevention through physical and cognitive training (falls PACT) in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a randomized controlled trial protocol.BMC Geriatr. 2018; 18: 193