- •The Nociception Coma Scale-Revised (NCS-R) has been developed to assess nociception in patients with disorders of consciousness.
- •Verbal and total scores of the NCS-R are lower in patients with a tracheostomy.
- •Facial and motor subscores do not differ between patients with or without tracheostomy.
- •NCS-R scores should be cautiously interpreted in the presence of tracheostomy.
- •However, our findings support the use of the NCS-R in real clinical practice.
Main Outcome Measures
List of abbreviations:DOC (disorders of consciousness), MCS (minimally conscious state), NCS-R (Nociception Coma Scale Revised), UWS (unresponsive wakefulness syndrome)
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Supported by the University and University Hospital of Liege, the Belgian National Funds for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under the specific Grant No. 785907 (Human Brain Project SGA2), the Luminous project (EU-H2020-fetopenga686764), the Center-TBI project (FP7-HEALTH-602150), the Public Utility Foundation Université Européenne du Travail, Fondazione Europea di Ricerca Biomedica, the Bial Foundation, the European Space Agency, the Mind Science Foundation, and the European Commission. N.L. is a PhD fellow, A.T. is a postdoctoral fellow, and S.L. is research director at FRS-FNRS. C.C. is a Marie Sklodowska-Curie fellow (H2020-MSCA-IF-2016-ADOC-752686).