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Behavioral Factors and Unintentional Injuries After Spinal Cord Injury

Published:October 10, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.09.008

      Abstract

      Objective

      To identify the relationships of behavioral factors with unintentional injuries among participants with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).

      Design

      Cross-sectional.

      Setting

      Medical university in the Southeastern United States.

      Participants

      Participants (N=4670) met the following inclusion criteria: traumatic SCI of at least 1-year duration, minimum of 18 years of age, and residual impairment from SCI (noncomplete recovery). Of these, 2516 were identified from a specialty hospital and 2154 were identified from population-based state surveillance systems.

      Interventions

      Not applicable.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Participants completed self-report assessments including multiple behavioral variables, SCI variables, and demographic characteristics. Primary outcome was unintentional injuries during the past 12 months.

      Results

      Twenty-three percent (n=969) reported at least 1 unintentional injury in the past year serious enough to receive medical care in a clinic, emergency department, or hospital, and the average number of times injured was 1.82 among those with at least 1 injury. Prescription medication use for pain and depression, nonmedical medication use, use of prescription medication for purposes other than prescribed, and binge drinking were associated with a greater odds of unintentional injury. There were some differences between fall-related and non–fall-related unintentional injuries, with ambulation associated with greater odds of fall-related injuries but lower odds of non–fall-related injuries. Participants identified through population-based systems were at greater risk of falls compared with those identified through a traditional specialty hospital.

      Conclusions

      Unintentional injuries were prevalent among people with SCI. After controlling for injury and demographic characteristics, multiple risk behaviors were related to the odds of unintentional injuries. Intervention studies are needed to address modifiable behaviors that may reduce the risk of injury.

      Keywords

      List of abbreviations:

      OR (odds ratio), SCI (spinal cord injury)
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