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The Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at 100: A Century of Authorship

Published:September 26, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.08.484

      Abstract

      Objective

      To describe the authors who have contributed articles to the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (APM&R) over the 100 years of its existence.

      Design

      Extraction of relevant information from a sample of APM&R articles.

      Setting

      Not applicable.

      Participants

      A total of 4933 authors contributing to 1787 articles.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Number of authors and their gender, professional education, and country of residence.

      Results

      The average number of authors per article increased from 1.1 in 1922 to 5.8 in 2017. The percentage of women authors grew from <5% to about 40%. In 1922 the majority of authors had an MD degree (85%); this declined to <30% by 2017, while the percentage of authors with a PhD grew from about 10% to about 30%. The percentage of contributors with a bachelor’s degree initially was about 1%, grew to 13%, and then declined again. While in APM&R’s early years, >90% of authors were from the United States, this percentage went into a steep decline beginning in about 1997 and now is around 35%.

      Conclusions

      The APM&R has seen major transformations in the nature of its contributors over a century of publication; many of these parallel the changes seen in other areas of health care and medical science, but some characteristics and shifts (especially in gender and level of training of its authors) appear unique.

      Keywords

      List of abbreviations:

      ACRM (American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine), APM&R (Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation), MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)
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