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From Hospital to Home to Participation: A Position Paper on Transition Planning Poststroke

Published:November 19, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.10.017

      Abstract

      Based on a review of the evidence, members of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Stroke Group’s Movement Interventions Task Force offer these 5 recommendations to help improve transitions of care for patients and their caregivers: (1) improving communication processes; (2) using transition specialists; (3) implementing a patient-centered discharge checklist; (4) using standardized outcome measures; and (5) establishing partnerships with community wellness programs.
      Because of changes in health care policy, there are incentives to improve transitions during stroke rehabilitation. Although transition management programs often include multidisciplinary teams, medication management, caregiver education, and follow-up care management, there is a lack of a comprehensive and standardized approach to implement transition management protocols during poststroke rehabilitation. This article uses the Transitions of Care (TOC) model to conceptualize how to facilitate a comprehensive patient-centered hand off at discharge to maximize patient functioning and health. Specifically, this article reviews current guidelines and provides an evidence summary of several commonly cited approaches (Early Supported Discharge, planned predischarge home visits, discharge checklists) to manage TOC, followed by a description of documented barriers to effective transitions. Patient-centered and standardized transition management may improve community integration, activities of daily living performance, and quality of life for stroke survivors while also decreasing hospital readmission rates during the transition from hospital to home to community.

      Keywords

      List of abbreviations:

      ADL (activities of daily living), ESD (Early Supported Discharge), OT (occupational therapy), PCC-DC (Patient-Centered Checklist for Discharge to Community), PCP (primary care physician), PHV (predischarge home visit), TOC (Transitions of Care)
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