Cerebral palsy (CP) is a leading cause of childhood physical disabilities,1 affecting up to 2.5 per 1000 live births in the developed world2 and affecting functioning throughout the life span.1 CP primarily affects an individual’s motor abilities and secondarily affects sensation, perception, cognition, communication, and behavior.1 The Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) is one of the most commonly used measures of functioning in children with CP.2 The PEDI assesses functional status and occupational performance of children with disabilities in the domains of self-care, mobility, and social function.3 The PEDI measures these domains in 3 separate scales including 197 functional skills items, 20 caregiver assistance items, and 20 modification items.3 The 3 scales include functional skills, needed caregiver assistance, and needed modifications.3 The items in the PEDI are mapped to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth version codes to facilitate use with other assessments mapped to International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth codes.2 In addition, the PEDI has been validated in many clinical populations and languages4 and demonstrates excellent validity and reliability for use among children living with CP.3., 4., 5., 6., 7., 8. Furthermore, large effect sizes have been found within the self-care and mobility domains of both the functional skills and caregiver assistance scales, with larger effect sizes found in younger age groups.5 The scoring manual and scoring forms are available for purchase from Pearson Education, Inc and together cost approximately $150.
- 1.Rosenbaum P, Paneth N, Leviton A, et al. A report: the definition and classification of cerebral palsy April 2006. Dev Med Child Neurol 2007;49:8-14.
- 2.Schiariti V, Klassen A, Cieza A, et al. Comparing contents of outcome measures in cerebral palsy using the International Classification of Functioning (ICF-CY): a systematic review. Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2014;18:1-12.
- 3.Haley SM, Coster WJ, Ludlow LH, Haltiwanger J, Andrellos P. Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI): development, standardization, and administration manual. Boston: Boston University; 1992.
- 4.McCarthy ML, Silberstein CE, Atkins EA, Harryman SE, Sponseller PD, Hadley-Miller NA. Comparing reliability and validity of pediatric instruments for measuring health and well-being of children with spastic cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2002;44:468-76.
- 5.Vos-Vromans DC, Ketelaar M, Gorter JW. Responsiveness of evaluative measures for children with cerebral palsy: the Gross Motor Function Measure and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. Disabil Rehabil 2005;27:1245-52.
- 6.Chen KL, Hsieh CL, Sheu CF, Hu FC, Tseng MH. Reliability and validity of a Chinese version of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory in children with cerebral palsy. J Rehabil Med 2009;41:273-8.
- 7.Salavati M, Waninge A, Rameckers EA, et al. Reliability of the modified Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, Dutch version (PEDI-NL) for children with cerebral palsy and cerebral visual impairment. Res Dev Disabil 2015;37:189-201.
- 8.Schulze C, Kottorp A, Meichtry A, Lilja M, Page J. Inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the German Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI-G). Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 2015;35:296-310.
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Published online: April 03, 2018
Highlights From the Rehabilitation Measures Database
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