To develop a computerized adaptive testing system of the Functional Assessment of Stroke (CAT-FAS) to assess upper- and lower-extremity (UE/LE) motor function, postural control, and basic activities of daily living with optimal efficiency and without sacrificing psychometric properties in patients with stroke.
One rehabilitation unit in a medical center.
Patients with subacute stroke (N=301; mean age, 67.3±10.9; intracranial infarction, 74.5%).
Main Outcome Measures
The UE and LE subscales of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients, and Barthel Index.
The CAT-FAS adopting the optimal stopping rule (limited reliability increase of <.010) had good Rasch reliability across the 4 domains (.88–.93) and needed few items for the whole administration (8.5 items on average). The concurrent validity (CAT-FAS vs original tests, Pearson r=.91–.95) and responsiveness (standardized response mean, .65–.76) of the CAT-FAS were good in patients with stroke.
We developed the CAT-FAS, and our results support that the CAT-FAS has sufficient efficiency, reliability, concurrent validity, and responsiveness in patients with stroke. The CAT-FAS can be used to simultaneously assess patients' functions of UE, LE, postural control, and basic activities of daily living using, on average, no more than 10 items; this efficiency is useful in reducing the assessment burdens for both clinicians and patients.
List of abbreviations:BADL (basic activities of daily living), BI (Barthel Index), CAT (computerized adaptive testing), CI (confidence interval), FAS (Functional Assessment of Stroke), FMA (Fugl-Meyer Assessment), LE (lower extremity), LRI (limited reliability increase), PASS (Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients), SRM (standardized response mean), UE (upper extremity)
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Published online: October 14, 2017
Supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan (grant nos. 106-2811-B-002-036).
© 2017 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine