Original research| Volume 98, ISSUE 11, P2228-2236.e5, November 2017

Communicative Access Measures for Stroke: Development and Evaluation of a Quality Improvement Tool



      To (1) develop a systems-level quality improvement tool targeting communicative access to information and decision-making for stroke patients with language disorders; and (2) evaluate the resulting tool—the Communicative Access Measures for Stroke (CAMS).


      Survey development and evaluation was in line with accepted guidelines and included item generation and reduction, survey formatting and composition, pretesting, pilot testing, and reliability assessment.


      Development and evaluation were carried out in hospital and community agency settings.


      The project used a convenience sample of 31 participants for the survey development, and 63 participants for the CAMS reliability study (broken down into 6 administrators/managers, 32 frontline staff, 25 participants with aphasia). Eligible participants invited to the reliability study included individuals from 45 community-based organizations in Ontario as well as 4400 individuals from communities of practice.


      Not applicable.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Data were analyzed using kappa statistics and intraclass correlations for each item score on all surveys.


      A tool, the CAMS, comprising 3 surveys, was developed for health facilities from the perspectives of (1) administrators/policymakers, (2) staff/frontline health care providers, and (3) patients with aphasia (using a communicatively accessible version). Reliability for items on the CAMS-Administrator and CAMS-Staff surveys was moderate to high (kappa/intraclass correlation coefficients [ICCs], .54–1.00). As expected, reliability was lower for the CAMS-Patient survey, with most items having ICCs between 0.4 and 0.6.


      These findings suggest that CAMS may provide useful quality improvement information for health care facilities with an interest in improving care for patients with stroke and aphasia.


      List of abbreviations:

      CAMS (Communicative Access Measures for Stroke), ICC (intraclass correlation coefficient)
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