Original research| Volume 98, ISSUE 11, P2213-2220, November 2017

Reliability and Validity of the Timed Up and Go Test With a Motor Task in People With Chronic Stroke

Published:April 06, 2017DOI:



      To examine (1) the intra-rater, interrater, and test-retest reliabilities of the timed Up and Go test with a motor task (TUGmotor) in terms of the number of steps taken in the test and completion time in a population with chronic stroke; (2) the relation between stroke-specific impairments and the number of steps taken in the test and the completion time; (3) the minimum detectable change in TUGmotor times; and (4) the cutoff time that best discriminates the performance of people with stroke from that of older adults without stroke.


      Cross-sectional study.


      University-based rehabilitation center.


      A sample (N=65) of chronic stroke survivors (n=33) and healthy older adults (n=32).


      Not applicable.

      Main Outcome Measures

      TUGmotor times and number of steps taken; Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the Lower Extremities score; handheld dynamometer measurements of hip abductor, knee flexor and extensor, and ankle dorsiflexor and plantar flexor muscle strength; 5-times sit-to-stand test time, Berg Balance Scale score; conventional timed Up and Go test time, and Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale and Community Integration Measure questionnaire scores.


      The TUGmotor completion times and number of steps demonstrated excellent intra-rater, interrater, and test-retest reliabilities. The TUGmotor times correlated significantly with the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the Lower Extremities and Berg Balance Scale scores, with hip abductor, knee flexor, ankle dorsiflexor and plantar flexor strength on the paretic side, with 5-times sit-to-stand test times, and with times on the conventional timed Up and Go test. The minimum detectable change in TUGmotor time was 3.53 seconds in stroke survivors. A TUGmotor cutoff time of 13.49 seconds was found to best discriminate the performance of stroke survivors from that of older adults without stroke.


      The TUGmotor is a reliable, valid, and easy-to-administer clinical tool for assessing advanced functional mobility after a stroke.


      List of abbreviations:

      ABC (Activities-specific Balance Confidence), BBS (Berg Balance Scale), CIM (Community Integration Measure), FMA-LE (Fugl-Meyer Assessment for the Lower Extremities), FTSTS (5-times sit-to-stand test), ICC (intraclass correlation coefficient), MDC (minimum detectable change), TUG (timed Up and Go test), TUGmotor (timed Up and Go test with a motor task)
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