Measurement Characteristics and Clinical Utility of the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale in People With Incontinence and Multiple Sclerosis

      Urinary incontinence (UI), which can occur at any age, involves an unintentional loss of bladder control. UI can occur in individuals across a broad range of diagnoses and medical conditions1. 2. 3. 4. and is a frequently encountered problem in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). UI ranges in severity, but even comparatively minor cases can have a significant effect on people's quality of life and well-being.1 Thus, it is important to assess for, diagnose, and treat UI in people who have MS as soon as possible.1 The Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL) is a self-report measure designed to assess the effect of UI on patients' health-related quality of life and has been validated in patients with MS.1. 2. 3. The I-QOL, which can be administered in <5 minutes, consists of 22 items and is composed of 3 subdomains: (1) Avoidance and Limiting Behaviors, (2) Psychosocial Impact, and (3) Social Embarrassment.3 Both a total score and individual subdomain scores can be calculated to help inform clinician decision making and treatment planning.
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