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Empowering Adults With Chronic Spinal Cord Injury to Prevent Secondary Conditions

Published:April 30, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2016.04.005

      Abstract

      Objective

      To develop and assess the feasibility of My Care My Call, an innovative peer-led, community-based telephone intervention for individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) using peer health coaches.

      Design

      Qualitative pilot study.

      Setting

      General community.

      Participants

      Convenience sample of consumer advocates with traumatic SCI ≥1 year postinjury (N=7).

      Interventions

      My Care My Call applies a health empowerment approach for goal-setting support, education, and referral to empower consumers in managing their preventive health needs. For feasibility testing, peer health coaches, trained in brief action planning, called participants 6 times over 3 weeks.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Identified focus areas were acceptability, demand, implementation, and practicality. Participant outcome data were collected through brief after-call surveys and qualitative exit interviews. Through a custom website, peer health coaches documented call attempts, content, and feedback. Analysis applied the constant comparative method.

      Results

      My Care My Call was highly feasible in each focus area for participants. Concerning acceptability, participants were highly satisfied, rating peer health coaches as very good or excellent in 80% of calls; felt My Care My Call was appropriate; and would continue use. Regarding demand, participants completed 88% of scheduled calls; reported that My Care My Call fills a real need; and would recommend it. Considering implementation, peer health coaches made 119% of expected calls, with a larger focus on compiling individualized resources. For practicality, call duration averaged 29 minutes, with 1 hour of additional time for peer health coaches. Participant effects included feeling supported, greater confidence toward goals, and greater connection to resources. Subsequently, several process changes enhanced peer health coach training and support through role-plays, regular support calls, and streamlined My Care My Call support materials.

      Conclusions

      After process changes, a randomized controlled trial to evaluate My Care My Call is underway.

      Keywords

      List of abbreviations:

      SCI (spinal cord injury)
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