Advertisement

Physical Activity Recommendations for the Aging Brain: A Clinician-Patient Guide

      The positive benefits of regular physical activity on cognitive function are well-known today.
      • Heyn P.
      • Abreu B.C.
      • Ottenbacher K.J.
      The effects of exercise training on elderly persons with cognitive impairment and dementia: a meta-analysis.
      • Heyn P.C.
      • Johnsons K.E.
      • Kramer A.F.
      Endurance and strength training outcomes on cognitively impaired and cognitively intact older adults: a meta-analytic.
      • Heyn P.
      The effect of a multisensory exercise program on engagement, behavior, and selected physiological indexes in persons with dementia.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Healthy Brain Initiative. Available at: www.cdc.gov/aging/healthybrain/index.htm. Accessed March 8, 2016.

      • Buchman A.S.
      • Boyle P.A.
      • Yu L.
      • Shah R.C.
      • Wilson R.S.
      • Bennett D.A.
      Total daily physical activity and the Risk of AD and cognitive decline in older adults.
      • Colcombe S.J.
      • Kramer A.F.
      • McAuley E.
      • Erickson K.I.
      • Scalf P.
      Neurocognitive aging and cardiovascular fitness: recent findings and future directions.
      • Institute of Medicine
      Cognitive aging: progress in understanding and opportunities for action.
      However, older adults experience challenges beginning or sustaining regular exercise throughout their lives. At a time when >40 million people in the United States are ≥65 years old,
      • Institute of Medicine
      Cognitive aging: progress in understanding and opportunities for action.
      there is a need for health care providers to advise patients and their families on safe physical activity practice aimed to maintain or improve cognitive health.
      • Institute of Medicine
      Cognitive aging: progress in understanding and opportunities for action.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Heyn P.
        • Abreu B.C.
        • Ottenbacher K.J.
        The effects of exercise training on elderly persons with cognitive impairment and dementia: a meta-analysis.
        Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004; 85: 1694-1704
        • Heyn P.C.
        • Johnsons K.E.
        • Kramer A.F.
        Endurance and strength training outcomes on cognitively impaired and cognitively intact older adults: a meta-analytic.
        J Nutr Health Aging. 2008; 12: 401-409
        • Heyn P.
        The effect of a multisensory exercise program on engagement, behavior, and selected physiological indexes in persons with dementia.
        Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2003; 18: 247-251
      1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Healthy Brain Initiative. Available at: www.cdc.gov/aging/healthybrain/index.htm. Accessed March 8, 2016.

        • Buchman A.S.
        • Boyle P.A.
        • Yu L.
        • Shah R.C.
        • Wilson R.S.
        • Bennett D.A.
        Total daily physical activity and the Risk of AD and cognitive decline in older adults.
        Neurology. 2012; 78: 1323-1329
        • Colcombe S.J.
        • Kramer A.F.
        • McAuley E.
        • Erickson K.I.
        • Scalf P.
        Neurocognitive aging and cardiovascular fitness: recent findings and future directions.
        J Mol Neurosci. 2004; 24: 9-14
        • Institute of Medicine
        Cognitive aging: progress in understanding and opportunities for action.
        The National Academies Press, Washington (DC)2015
      2. Exercise is Medicine. American College of Sports Medicine. Available at: www.exerciseismedicine.org. Accessed March 8, 2016.

        • Hirsch M.A.
        • Sanjak M.
        • Englert D.
        • Iyer S.S.
        • Quinlan M.M.
        Parkinson patients as partners in care.
        Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2014; 20: S174-S179
        • Nelson M.E.
        • Rejeski W.J.
        • Blair S.N.
        • et al.
        Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports medicine and the American Heart Association.
        Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39: 1435-1445
        • Blondell S.J.
        • Hammersley-Mather R.
        • Veerman J.L.
        Does physical activity prevent cognitive decline and dementia?: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.
        BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 510
        • Lautenschlager N.T.
        • Cox K.
        • Cyarto E.V.
        The influence of exercise on brain aging and dementia.
        Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012; 1822: 474-481
        • Scarmeas N.
        • Luchsinger J.A.
        • Schupf N.
        • et al.
        Physical activity, diet, and risk of Alzheimer disease.
        JAMA. 2009; 302: 627-637
        • Hirsch M.A.
        • Hirsch H.V.
        Novel activities enhance performance of the aging brain.
        Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1998; 69: 15-19
        • Burbank P.M.
        • Reibe D.
        • Padula C.A.
        • Nigg C.
        Exercise and older adults: changing behavior with the transtheoretical model.
        Orthop Nurs. 2002; 21 (quiz 61-3): 51-61
        • Barnidge E.K.
        • Baker E.A.
        • Estlund A.
        • Motton F.
        • Hipp P.R.
        • Brownson R.C.
        A participatory regional partnership approach to promote nutrition and physical activity through environmental and policy change in rural Missouri.
        Prev Chronic Dis. 2015; 12: 140593
        • Nijkrake M.J.
        • Keus S.H.
        • Overeem S.
        • et al.
        The ParkinsonNet concept: development, implementation and initial experience.
        Mov Disord. 2010; 25: 823-829
        • van Nimwegen M.
        • Speelman A.D.
        • Overeem S.
        • et al.
        Promotion of physical activity and fitness in sedentary patients with Parkinson's disease: randomised controlled trial.
        BMJ. 2013; 346: f576
        • Bandura A.
        Health promotion by social cognitive means.
        Health Educ Behav. 2004; 31: 143-164