Original research| Volume 97, ISSUE 4, P590-595, April 2016

Social Cognitive Correlates of Physical Activity in Black Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis

Published:December 28, 2015DOI:



      To examine variables from social cognitive theory as correlates of physical activity in black and white individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS).




      National survey.


      Black (n=151) and white (n=185) individuals with MS were recruited through the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis Registry.


      Not applicable.

      Main Outcome Measures

      The battery of questionnaires included information on demographic and clinical characteristics, physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, function, social support, exercise outcome expectations, and exercise goal setting and planning.


      Black individuals with MS reported significantly lower levels of physical activity compared with white individuals with MS. Physical activity levels were significantly correlated with self-efficacy, outcome expectations, functional limitations as impediments, and goal setting in black participants with MS. The pattern and magnitude of correlations were comparable with those observed in white participants based on Fisher z tests.


      Researchers should consider applying behavioral interventions that target social cognitive theory variables for increasing physical activity levels among black individuals with MS.


      List of abbreviations:

      CI (confidence interval), GLTEQ (Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire), IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), MOESS (Multidimensional Outcomes Expectations for Exercise Scale), MS (multiple sclerosis), NARCOMS (North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis), SCT (social cognitive theory)
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