Original article| Volume 96, ISSUE 3, P524-531, March 2015

Validity of Physical Activity Measures in Individuals After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Published:October 30, 2014DOI:



      To determine the concurrent criterion-related validity of 2 activity monitors in comparison with the criterion method of indirect calorimetry in older adults after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).


      Validation study.


      Subjects completed 9 increasingly demanding daily activities in a research laboratory; each activity was performed for 7 minutes, for a total of 80 minutes, while the activity monitors and criterion method were used concurrently.


      Subjects (N=21, 67% women) had a mean age ± SD of 68±7 years and a body mass index of 29±4.


      Not applicable.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Energy expenditure (in kcal/min) measured by accelerometer-based and multisensor-based monitors and by a criterion method. Validity was assessed by the paired t test, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Bland-Altman plots comparing the measurements from the activity monitors with those of the criterion method.


      Measurements from the accelerometer-based monitor were significantly lower than those of the criterion method across all walking and nonwalking activities. The underestimations ranged from 40% to 100%. The accelerometer-based monitor demonstrated small to moderate agreement compared with the criterion method (ICCs from 0 to .38). Measurements from the multisensor-based monitor were significantly lower than those of the criterion method during several nonwalking activities; yet, the differences were minor (2%–19%). Measurements from the multisensor-based monitor during walking activities were not different compared with the criterion method. The multisensor-based monitor demonstrated moderate to excellent agreement with the criterion method (ICCs from .48 to .81).


      The multisensor-based monitor showed better criterion-related validity than the accelerometer-based monitor and should be considered as a tool to measure physical activity in individuals after TKA.


      List of abbreviations:

      ACT (Actigraph), EE (energy expenditure), ICC (intraclass correlation coefficient), PA (physical activity), SWA (SenseWear Armband), TKA (total knee arthroplasty), WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index)
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