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A Primary Care–Based Randomized Controlled Trial of 12-Week Whole-Body Vibration for Balance Improvement in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

      Abstract

      Objective

      To determine whether a 12-week whole-body vibration (WBV) training program improved balance in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

      Design

      Randomized controlled trial.

      Setting

      Primary health care setting.

      Participants

      Participants with T2DM (N=50).

      Interventions

      Participants were randomly allocated to either a WBV group (n=25), which performed a 12-week WBV-based exercise program on an oscillating platform (12–16Hz—4mm; 3 sessions/wk), or a usual-care control group (n=25).

      Main Outcome Measures

      Clinical and sociodemographic variables were recorded at baseline. Static balance and dynamic balance were also assessed at baseline by measuring postural sway (measurement of center of pressure [COP] excursions in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions) using a Wii Balance Board and the Timed Up and Go test.

      Results

      Significant between-group differences in COP excursions with participants' eyes closed were found with their feet apart and feet together. In addition, participants in the WBV group exhibited significantly lower COP excursions with their eyes closed after the intervention, while participants in the control group experienced a nonsignificant deterioration in COP excursions (ie, greater excursion) with their eyes open (mediolateral axis). There was no significant difference in the Timed Up and Go test values postintervention.

      Conclusions

      WBV provides a safe and well-tolerated approach to improve balance in participants with T2DM. These findings may have important implications for falls prevention in those with T2DM in the primary health care setting.

      Keyword

      List of abbreviations:

      COP (center of pressure), T2DM (type 2 diabetes mellitus), TUG (Timed Up and Go), WBB (Wii Balance Board), WBV (whole-body vibration)
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