Buckon CE, Thomas SS, Piatt JH Jr, Aiona MD, Sussman MD. Selective dorsal rhizotomy versus orthopedic surgery: a multidimensional assessment of outcome efficacy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:457–65.
To compare the efficacy of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) and orthopedic surgery using multidimensional (National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research disablement framework) outcome measures.
Prospective outcome study.
Pediatric orthopedic hospital.
Twenty-five children with spastic diplegia. Eighteen participants (mean age, 71.3mo) chose SDR. Seven participants (mean age, 78.6mo) chose orthopedic surgery.
Children were evaluated 2 days before surgical intervention and at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years postsurgically.
Main outcome measures
The Gross Motor Performance Measure, the Gross Motor Function Measure, and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory.
The SDR group improved significantly in quality of movement attributes 6 months postsurgically; however, gross motor skills (standing; walking, running, and jumping) gains were seen 2 years postsurgically. The orthopedic group improved significantly in select quality of movement attributes 6 months postsurgically and in standing skills within the first postsurgical year. Self-care skills, mobility, and social function gains were seen earlier and with greater frequency in the SDR group.
Both surgical interventions demonstrated multidimensional benefits for ambulatory children with spastic diplegia. The results suggest that qualitative changes in movement, achieved by spasticity reduction, have a greater effect on the enhancement of functional skill proficiency, thus independence, than recognized.
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☆Supported by the Shriners Hospital for Children (grant no. 15969).
© 2004 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.