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Predictors of driving outcome after traumatic brain injury

  • Renee D. Coleman
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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  • Lisa J. Rapport
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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  • Tanya C. Ergh
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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  • Robin A. Hanks
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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  • Joseph H. Ricker
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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  • Scott R. Millis
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychology, Wayne State University (Coleman, Rapport, Ergh, Hanks) and the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wayne State University School of Medicine (Rapport, Hanks, Ricker, Millis), Detroit, MI.
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      Abstract

      Coleman RD, Rapport LJ, Ergh TC, Hanks RA, Ricker JH, Millis SR. Predictors of driving outcome after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1415-22. Objective: To examine predictors of driving status and fitness to drive after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Retrospective and prospective follow-up of a cohort ranging from 4 months to 10 years post-TBI. Setting: A Midwestern, urban university-affiliated rehabilitation hospital. Participants: Seventy-one pairs of adults who had sustained a TBI and their significant others. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Driving status (whether the patient resumed driving), driving frequency (estimated miles driven per week), and postinjury driving records compiled by the Department of Motor Vehicles. Results: Logistic and hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the significant other's perceptions of the patient's fitness to drive were the strongest predictor of patients' driving status and driving frequency. However, years postinjury, disability at discharge, and current neuropsychologic functioning best predicted postinjury driving safety as measured by actual incidents. The relation between perception of patients' fitness and actual driving incidents, however, was modest. Conclusions: Neuropsychologic and medical information available by traditional methods showed unique value in predictive driving safety. However, caregiver perception of patients' fitness was the overwhelming determinant of whether and how much patients drive. The bases on which caregivers form their opinions affect the safety of patients and the public. The rehabilitation setting is a unique resource for family education regarding abilities essential to safe driving. © 2002 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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