This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
A survey of residents was done in three congregate care facilities to determine the prevalence and safety of platform motorized wheelchairs (PMWs) otherwise known as three-wheeled motorized wheelchairs or scooters. Thirty-one drivers of these vehicles were identified, 30 of whom consented to be interviewed. The mean age of the drivers was 80.7 years and 84% were women. Arthritis was the most frequent reason for use of the PMW (47%), followed by neurologic problems (23%) and orthopedic problems (23%). Of this group, 77% had their PMW prescribed by a physician, most commonly an orthopedic surgeon (40%) with only 14% being prescribed by a geriatrician or physiatrist. Thirty percent of the drivers felt other drivers in their facility drove unsafely. Most residents (57%) had no training in the use of the vehicle and two admitted they had a medical condition that made it difficult to drive. Five accidents were reported, two of which involved either a serious injury or property damage. Based on the results obtained from this survey, we conclude that driver safety evaluation should be done on all users of PMWs in congregate care facilities.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Symptoms and clinical impressions of patients seen in a post-polio clinic.Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1984; 70: 367-370
- Injury due to uncontrolled acceleration of an electric wheelchair.J Emerg Med. 1991; 9: 115-117
- Accidental death associated with motorized wheelchair use: a case report.Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1985; 66: 709-710
- The motorized wheelchair: new freedom, new responsibility, new problems.Develop Med Child Neurol. 1982; 24: 366-371
- Powered mobility for very young disabled children.Develop Med Child Neurol. 1983; 25: 472-474
- Motorized wheelchair driving by disabled children. 1984; 65: 95-97
- The aging driver: medicine, policy and ethics.J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988; 36: 1135-1142
- Doege TC Engelberg AL Medical conditions affecting drivers. American Medical Association, Chicago, IL1986
- Physicians Guide to Driver Examination.4th ed. The Canadian Medical Association, 1986
- Wheelchair obstacle course performance in right cerebral vascular accident victims.J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1989; 11: 295-310
Accepted: March 30, 1992
Received: January 8, 1992
☆This paper was presented in part at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Boston, MA. 1990.
© 1993 Published by Elsevier Inc.